Good practice guidance on the sustainable mobilisation of wood in Europe
The guidance refers to good practice examples of successful and sustainable mobilisation of wood, to assist policy-makers and practitioners alike in taking and supporting similar measures. As such, this document aims to give clear, concise and operational guidance, and to add value to existing and other ongoing work on the subject, including work conducted by FOREST EUROPE, the European Commission and UNECE/FAO, i.e. related to the implementation of the EU Forest Action Plan, the EU Renewable Energy Policy objectives and action plans, and MCPFE Warsaw Resolution 1 “Forests, Wood and Energy”.
It aims to:
• identify concrete measures for wood mobilisation and explain their applicability in different conditions;
• present “good-practice examples” of wood mobilisation, linked to each measure, and explaining determinant factors and possible constraints, ease of implementation, time scales, and potential scale of mobilisation;
• help decision-makers from administrations and industry, as well as forestry practitioners, make sound choices and implement appropriate actions with respect to all aspects of sustainable wood mobilisation, whilst ensuring sustainable forest management (SFM);
AEBIOM-CEPI joint position paper: European Governments developing national energy plans to fulfil binding targets for renewable energy sources should focus on mobilisation, sustainability and efficient use of biomass
CEPI and its members are committed to the sustainable management and use of forest resources. In that context CEPI is supporting and actively involved in the ongoing process of Ministerial Conferences on the Protection of Forests in Europe, known as Helsinki Process, and the Resolutions that were adopted at the Strasbourg, Helsinki, Lisbon and Vienna Conferences.
CEPI and its members therefore agree with the definition of the 2nd Ministerial Conference that took place in Helsinki in 1993, stating that “sustainable management” means the stewardship and use of forests and forest lands in a way, and at a rate, that maintains their biodiversity, productivity, regeneration capacity, vitality and their potential to fulfil, now and in the future, relevant ecological, economic and social functions, at local, national, and global levels, and that does not cause damage to other ecosystems.” Whilst fulfilling such a wide range of objectives/functions might seem challenging, CEPI believes that active management of forests is by far the best way to secure economic viability, environmental richness and diversity and social welfare.
In undersigning the Helsinki Resolutions and committing to act accordingly, European countries, as well as the European Union have accepted implementing measures that would improve forests sustainability, taking into consideration their economic, environmental and social functions.
By adapting their forestry legislation and by developing National Forest Programs, the European countries are making this a reality. Moreover the widespread requirement to forest owners to develop multi-annual management plans (more than 80% of European forests are under management plan or equivalent regimes ), establishing their objectives and plans with respect to economic, environmental and social role of their forests further contributes to improved sustainability.
The European pulp and paper industry, represented by CEPI, commits to promote compliance with the requirements of forestry legislation, as well as with the objectives and provisions of the National Forest Programs. Similarly, the industry contributes to sustainable forestry in its own operations. The industry develops wood and fiber procurement policies and principles promoting the improvement of forest management practices. Amongst others, these include requirements of legality, traceability, transparency and forest protection.
In so doing, the industry contributes to the overall sustainability of forests.
All these measures lead CEPI to consider that most of the European forests are currently managed in compliance with the principles of Sustainable Forest Management. As illustrations of this, the current fellings in Europe only reach 67% of the annual increment; 11.7% of the forest areas are designated as protected areas; another 11.5% of European forests are designated to protect soil, water and ecosystems; most of the forests are open to recreational uses; etc.
CEPI and its members also recognize that there exist tools established to assure/document the sustainability of forest management. Together with Environment Management Systems, like ISO 14000, independent and credible forest certification and certification of the chain of custody can contribute to further raise awareness about forests sustainability, in particular towards customers and consumers of forest products.