Recycling

Recycling
News | 08 Dec.2017

Register now for the IMPACTPapeRec project final conference

Join us on 24 January 2018 for the final conference of the IMPACTPapeRec project, a two-year EU-funded project set up to improve the separate collection of paper for recycling in Europe. It will be organised at the Committee of the Regions premises in Brussels, Belgium.

The conference will take place from 9h00 to 13h15, followed by two workshops in the afternoon, one for municipalities and one for entrepreneurs. You can download the conference programme here.

Don't miss the chance to hear the outcome of this very special project that involved 19 partners from across the value chain!
Registration link: impactpaperec.eu/en/24-january-register/

Press Release | 18 Oct.2017

Winners of the European Paper Recycling Awards demonstrate why paper remains a recycling leader

Every two years the European Paper Recycling Council (EPRC) rewards the best, brightest and most innovative paper recycling projects from across the continent with the prestigious European Paper Recycling Award. This year’s award ceremony, which took place on October 18, is jointly hosted by MEP Ms. Simona Bonafè (Italy), rapporteur of the Circular Economy dossier and Ms. Inés Ayala Sender (Spain).

Favini, a leading global producer of packaging for the luxury and fashion industries, topped the Innovative Technologies and R&D category for its Remake project, a ground-breaking process of using recycled leather to produce paper. Aspapel, the Spanish pulp & paper association headed up the Information and Education category with its creative ‘Blue Birdies’ project targeted towards raising awareness on the separate collection of paper across municipalities in Spain.


“Today’s winners are the pioneers that are paving the way the European paper recycling value chain is advancing paper recycling to the next level” says Lisa Kretschmann, Chairperson of the EPRC


“Whether it be inventive companies or municipalities willing to ‘step outside the box’, their role is crucial in helping the value chain reach its 74% recycling rate by 2020.” says Ulrich Leberle, Secretary of the EPRC/Raw Materials Director at CEPI


These two projects stood out from the crowd in terms of their originality, innovativeness, measured achievement and ability to be reproduced across Europe. Other commended entries which also scored highly include:

Information and Education category:
IMPACTPapeRec, a Horizon 2020 funded project on boosting separate collection of paper
Comieco’s (Italy) online contest “#iorompolescatole” (in English: “I break boxes”) on raising awareness of recycling paper & board packaging from e-commerce
• SCA’s Circular Economy project entitled “Closing the loop for paper hand towels

Innovative Technologies and R&D category:
Lucart (Italy): separating cellulose from beverage cartons to be reused for tissue production
Paptic (Finland): a light & durable material based on renewable and recyclable wood fibres

Learn more on how the EPRC is improving best practices in paper recycling and helping Europe reach its 74% paper recycling rate on the dedicated website here. Full information on all entries can be consulted here.

For more information, please contact Ulrich Leberle, Secretary of the EPRC/Raw Materials Director at CEPI by email u.leberle@cepi.org or by phone on (+32) 262 7 49 23.

For press related enquiries, please contact Ben Kennard, Press Manager at CEPI by email b.kennard@cepi.org or by phone on (+32) 487 39 21 82.

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Press Release | 19 May.2017

Circular Economy: three leading industries renew call for a single measure of ‘real’ recycling rates

Member States today agreed their negotiating mandate on Circular Economy waste proposals, paving the way for trialogues with the European Commission and Parliament. EUROFER, CEPI and Eurometaux now appeal for all EU institutions to prove their Circular Economy ambition, by working constructively towards a single measure of real recycling.


Axel Eggert, EUROFER’s Director General: “Every institution has now acknowledged that Member States need to start calculating recycling rates at the same point, which is not the case under present legislation. However, the Parliament has been the only institution to propose the right solution: a single measure without derogation. We’ll be working with policymakers to make the best of the proposals, and to aim for one measurement at the input point of the final recycling process. The worst possible outcome is one where we are left with a permanent loophole that allows Member States to circumvent requirements”.


Sylvain Lhote, CEPI’s Director General: “Today three of Europe’s recycling leaders have united to emphasise the importance of measuring ‘real’ recycling rates. Making the Circular Economy happen in Europe means we must be able to measure the actual recycling rate. This will allow better targeting of investment where it matters most - better systems of collection and sorting that enhance the quality and quantity of what is recycled which in turn boost industry development”


Guy Thiran, Eurometaux’s Director General: “Until we have a common method to measure how much of our waste gets recycled, it doesn’t matter whether the EU’s headline recycling target is 65 per cent or 70 percent. EU negotiators need to make a strong calculation method their top priority. We can only gage the realism and ambition of recycling targets once we know what Member States will be measuring”
 

About CEPI: CEPI is the pan-European association representing the forest fibre & paper industry. Through its 18 national associations CEPI gathers over 500 companies operating 940 paper mills across Europe producing paper, cardboard, pulp & other biobased products. Building on its target of achieving a 74% effective recycling rate within the next three years CEPI is at the forefront of making the low-carbon circular bioeconomy a reality in Europe through its 2050 ‘Investment Roadmap’.


Contact Person: Ben Kennard, Press Officer, b.kennard@cepi.org


About Eurometaux: Eurometaux is the decisive voice of non-ferrous metals producers and recyclers in Europe. With an annual turnover of €120bn, our members represent an essential industry for European society that businesses in almost every sector depend on. Together, we are leading Europe towards a more circular future through the endlessly recyclable potential of metals.


Contact Person: Chris Heron, Communications & Public Affairs Manager, heron@eurometaux.be, +32 493 18 89 63


About EUROFER: The European Steel Association (EUROFER) is located in Brussels and was founded in 1976. It represents the entirety of steel production in the European Union. EUROFER members are steel companies and national steel federations throughout the EU. The major steel companies and national steel federations in Switzerland and Turkey are associate members.

Contact Person: Charles de Lusignan, Communications Manager, charles@eurofer.be

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Publication | 12 May.2017

European Declaration on Paper Recycling 2016-2020

The European paper recycling value chain has already made significant strides on the paper recycling rate in the EU having reached a near theoretical maximum of 71.5% in 2015. The industry is now seeking to make another move forward with an enhanced rate of 74% by 2020 building on the progress achieved since 2000 by preceding European Declarations on Paper Recycling.

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Press Release | 11 May.2017

New 74% paper recycling target set for 2020

The European paper recycling value chain has already made significant strides on the paper recycling rate in the EU, having reached a near theoretical maximum of 71.5% in 2015. The industry is now seeking to make another move forward with an enhanced rate of 74% by 2020 building on the progress achieved since 2000 by preceding European Declarations on Paper Recycling.

Having already achieved an effective recycling rate of 71.5%, the European paper recycling value chain is willing to go a step further with a new 74% target. This elevated rate will play an integral role in boosting the circularity of Europe’s economy” says Ulrich Leberle, Secretary of the EPRC/Raw Materials Director at CEPI.

Further steps will also be made to enhance the quality of paper recycling with greater emphasis on recyclability in design and manufacturing of paper products and improving techniques for removing ink from paper products.

In order to achieve this rate, a numberm of key conditions must be in place:

  • On waste targets, there should be a landfill ban on recycled paper in place by 2020 and the Waste Hierarchy should be implemented with energy and renewable energy policies taken into full consideration.
  • The EU should ensure that conditions are in place to allow for effective separate collection of paper and take action against countries where comingled collection is practised.
  • Exports of paper for recycling outside the EU should be curtailed and aligned in a manner that an increase in the collection of paper is higher than an increase in the net trade of paper for recycling.
  • European and national authorities should avoid conflicting product-related policies that prevent paper being from being recycled.
  • The current practice in which Member-States calculate their recycling rates based on different methods should cease in favour of an aligned EU-wide method, allowing for comparable and real calculation.

With these conditions in place, the entire value chain can achieve the revised target and move it a step further, making recycling work for an effective European circular economy.

For more information, please contact Ulrich Leberle at u.leberle@cepi.org or by phone at (+32 262 7 49 23).

For press related enquiries, please contact Ben Kennard at b.kennard@cepi.org or by phone at (+32 487 39 21 82).

Note to editor: The European Paper Recycling Council (EPRC) was set up as an industry self-initiative in November 2000 to monitor progress towards meeting the paper recycling targets set out in the 2000 European Declaration on Paper Recycling. Since then the commitments in the Declaration are renewed every five years. In 2017 the EPRC committed itself to meeting and maintaining both a voluntary recycling rate target of 74% in the EU27 plus Switzerland and Norway by 2020 as well as qualitative targets in areas such as waste prevention, ecodesign and research and development. In 2017, Members of the ERPC are ACE, CEPI, CITPA, EMFA, ETS, FEPE, INGEDE and INTERGRAF. Supporters are Afera, EuPIA, FINAT and RadTECH Europe. The European Commission, DG Environment and DG Grow, are permanent observers to the EPRC.

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Press Release | 02 May.2017

Recycling the European Paper Recycling Awards, entries now being accepted for the 6th edition!

The 6th edition of the European Paper Recycling Awards will take place the 18th October in the European Parliament hosted by europarliamentarian Ms. Simona Bonafè, rapporteur of the Circular Economy package and champion of the importance of recycling.


The Awards provide an occasion to shed the spotlight on the innovative projects changing the way we think and do paper recycling and help Europe achieve its goal of a 74% paper recycling rate by 2020.


Any paper recycling related project or campaign can now be submitted here to be within a chance of headlining this year’s Award.
 

There are two categories for submission and a separate award will be granted for each category:


1) Information & Education
2) Innovative technologies and R&D
The awards are open to all entities based in Europe including schools, universities, NGOs, national and regional authorities, companies and associations.
 

Application deadline: Monday 3 July 2017
Further details can be consulted on the FAQ page here


The European Paper Recycling Awards are run by the European Paper Recycling Council (EPRC) which encompasses the entire paper recycling value chain across Europe. To learn more about the EPRC and its activities and how its plans to get Europe’s recycling rates to 74% by 2020 check out their website here.
 

For further information please contact Annie Xystouris at a.xystouris@cepi.org or by phone at (+32) 322 6 274 924
 

For press related enquiries please contact Ben Kennard at b.kennard@cepi.org or by phone at (+32) 487 39 21 82
 

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Press Release | 20 Apr.2017

Recycling the ‘R’ in ERPC, the European Recovered Paper Council becomes the European Paper Recycling Council (EPRC)

To align with its new “Declaration on Paper Recycling” the European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) has been renamed the European Paper Recycling Council (EPRC). The name change also takes into consideration the use of the term of paper for recycling rather than recovered paper in the updated European Standard List of Grades of Paper and Board for Recycling (EN 643).

To coincide with the launch of the new title and identity, a more user-friendly website is now live and includes additional information on the EPRC’s activities and more on its plan to meet its new paper recycling rate target of 74% by 2020.

The chairmanship of the EPRC has also rotated accordingly with the confirmation of Lisa Kretschmann, Managing Director of the European Federation of Envelope Manufacturers (FEPE) as new chairperson for the 2016-2020 commitment/monitoring period. “I am delighted to have been selected as the new chairperson of the ERPC at a time where the European paper recycling value-chain seeks to surpass new boundaries with its revised target of 74% paper recycling rate. I am confident that the rebranding will provide the EPRC with an opportunity to relaunch the debate on how to achieve effective paper recycling across Europe” says Lisa Kretschmann

The EPRC is also now accepting applications for the 6th edition of the European Paper Recycling Awards, hosted by member of the European Parliament Ms. Simona Bonafè. Full information including eligibility criteria can be consulted here.

For more information, please contact Ulrich Leberle at u.leberle@cepi.org or by phone at (+32) 627 49 23

For press related enquiries, please contact Ben Kennard at b.kennard@cepi.org or by phone at (+32) 487 39 21 82

Note to editor:

The European Recycled Paper Council (ERPC) was set up as an industry self-initiative in November 2000 to monitor progress towards meeting the paper recycling targets set out in the 2000 European Declaration on Paper Recycling. Since then the commitments in the Declaration are renewed every 5 years. In 2017 the ERPC committed itself to meeting and maintaining a voluntary recycling rate target of 74% in the EU27 plus Switzerland and Norway by 2020 as well as qualitative targets in areas such as waste prevention, ecodesign, and research and development. In 2017, Members of the ERPC are ACE, CEPI, CITPA, EMFA, ERPA, ETS, FEPE, INGEDE and INTERGRAF. Supporters are Afera, EuPIA, FINAT and RadTECH Europe. The European Commission, DG Environment and DG Grow, are permanent observers to the ERPC.

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Press Release | 26 Jan.2017

A year into the project, IMPACTPapeRec consolidates efforts to increase separate paper collection in Europe

The successful Horizon 2020 IMPACTPapeRec Project Conference united more than 50 professionals from across Europe and debated the ways to increase separate paper collection in the EU, a key element in Europe’s transition towards a Circular Economy. The event took place in Barcelona (Spain) on 24 January. 


IMPACTPapeRec brings together the whole paper value chain for the first time in a joint project with the two-fold goal of promoting separate collection of “Paper for Recycling” and avoiding landfilling and incineration, particularly in countries with a low recycling rate. The event constitutes a step further in that direction.


In the past year, project partners exchanged views with paper collection decision-makers from seven municipalities ranging from the U.K to Romania, Poland, Bulgaria and France and mapped out the current waste management systems in Europe.


The mapping, presented at the conference, revealed major differences in challenges between countries with a well-established recycling system and those where such a system is still being implemented. In addition, citizen awareness and motivation was a recurring topic throughout the event.


In order to enhance the discussion, key experts spoke about the importance of quality of Paper for Recycling, efficiency of payment systems and incentives to encourage recycling, as well as the sensitive issue of informal paper collection outside officially-established waste management systems.


In addition, the partners presented some of the identified best practices, which will undergo a deeper analysis throughout the months to come. Participants also participated in a world-café format informative meeting, sharing their views on critical issues such as standardisation and policymaking developments.
Paper collection is a multi-dimensional issue and finding a stand-alone solution is not possible”, said Antonio Dobón, project coordinator from ITENE. “We are confident that the project will help us find the right ways to promote paper collection wherever we can”.


The project will come to an end in January 2018 with a final conference organised in Brussels. Until then, the 19 partners will continue to work towards achieving the project’s objectives. A number of the best practices identified will be selected, leading to the publication of an informational web-based “handbook“, a practical guide to help municipalities achieve better collection rates.


You can find further information and photos from the event at www.impactpaperec.eu
 

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Press Release | 18 Jan.2017

IMPACTPapeRec Project Conference

• The European project IMPACTPapeRec will bring together about 70 professionals on 24 January in Barcelona (Spain), to focus on the challenges and opportunities for increasing separate collection of paper in EU countries.

• Experts from STORAENSO, CEPI, ASPAPEL, SPRINGLOOP COOPERATIE, INTECUS, ACR+, DIN, PROPAKMA, PTS and ITENE will analysebest practices across Europe, optimum quality of Paper for Recycling, payment systems’ efficiency depending on the quantity of residues produced and incentives to recycling, as well as the issue of non-legally-established paper collection waste management systems.

• The Packaging, Transport and Logistics Research Center (ITENE) organises the event as the coordinator of the IMPACTPapeRec project. The project is supported by the EU Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program and consists of a consortium of 19 partners from 8 European countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Poland, Romania and Spain.

Consumption of paper and board in the EU stands at 82 million tonnes, 58 million of which are recycled to make new paper and board products. 47 million tones are recycled in Europe and 11 in other countries, meaning a paper recycling rate of 71.7% in Europe, according to the Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI).
ITENE, IMPACTPapeRec coordinator, organises the first “Project Conference and Networking Informative Meeting” with the objective of further increasing the separate collection of paper for recycling and promoting appropriate schemes to avoid landfilling and incineration.


The event will be held on 24 January in Barcelona and it will bring together more than 70 professionals to attend experts’ presentations from STORAENSO, CEPI, ASPAPEL, SPRINGLOOP COOPERATIE, INTECUS, ACR +, DIN, PROPAKMA, PTS and ITENE.


First, participants will learn about the current state of selective collection of Paper for Recycling in Europe, including the main challenges and opportunities identified in different EU countries as well as best practices already in place. The optimal quality of Paper for Recycling and collection will also be discussed, as well as experts’ opinions on incentives for recycling and pay-as-you-through systems efficacy, plus the issue of informal paper collection that is not part of the legally established systems. 

After the Conference, during the Networking Informative Meeting attendees will be asked to share their ideas and opinions on good practices, incentives, policy making and standardisation actions needed to increase the selective collection of Paper for Recycling and its quality in Europe.
The audience will include stakeholders involved in recycling and sustainability issues working in the paper industry, municipalities across the EU, waste management companies, policy makers, standardization odies and citizen associations.


Attendance to the Conference and Networking Meeting is free of charge. You can find further information and registration details at www.impactpaperec.eu

Note to editor

 The IMPACTPapeRec project is financed by the European Union Horizon 2020 Programme and supports the separate collection of paper commitment of the European Innovation Platform (EIP) in New Materials.

ITENE coordinates the project consortium formed by 19 partners from eight European countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Poland, Romania and Spain.
IMPACTPapeRec aims to put Europe at the forefront of paper for recycling (PfR) collection by providing an innovative and common knowledge platform. The innovative approach of the defined participatory strategy is based on the real engagement of the whole paper value chain including research, industry, policies, standards, municipalities and citizens.
 


 

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Press Release | 16 Jan.2017

Test Exemptions now included in Deinking Scorecard

The recently-revised deinkability scorecard by the European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) now includes an annex listing exemptions to the deinkability test. With this annex, the widely-used deinkability scorecard takes account of those printing technologies and material combinations that are sure to deliver good deinkability results, based on past experiences. Testing remains a requirement for processes and material combinations for which there is not enough experience on their deinkability behaviour. The annex will be subject to future revisions based on new data.

The ERPC approach to deinkability, i.e. by testing and assessing results with a scorecard on the one hand and by exempting certain paper / printing technology combinations on the other hand is an effective way to secure high quality recycling while being cost-effective for the producers of printed products” says Henri Vermeulen, ERPC Chairman.

Recent suggestions that the European Commission would not extend EU Ecolabel for tissue paper and newsprint among others give reason to believe that other paper-related Ecolabels are also under threat. These could include the Ecolabel on printed paper products, where deinkability is one criterion. “Deinking is an important part of the recycling process and therefore a key issue for the sustainability of printed paper products. The EU Ecolabel is a strong supporter of their recycling and their recyclability. We urge policymakers to recognise the tangible value of the EU Ecolabel” says Ulrich Leberle, ERPC secretary.

The new deinking scorecard is available here

For more information, please contact the ERPC Secretariat, Ulrich Leberle, at
+32 2 627 49 23, +32 479 90 59 21, erpc@cepi.org or visit www.paperforrecycling.eu


Notes to Editor:

The European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) was set up as an industry self-initiative in November 2000 to monitor progress towards meeting the paper recycling targets set out in the 2000 European Declaration on Paper Recycling. Since then the commitments in the Declaration are renewed every five years. In 2001 the ERPC committed itself to meeting and maintaining both a voluntary recycling rate target of 70% in the EU27 plus Switzerland and Norway by 2015 as well as qualitative targets in areas such as waste prevention, ecodesign, and research and development. In 2016, Members of the ERPC are ACE, CEPI, CITPA, EMFA, ERPA, ETS, FEPE, INGEDE and INTERGRAF. Supporters are Afera, EuPIA, FINAT and RADTECH Europe. The European Commission, DG Environment and DGGrow, are permanent observers to the ERPC.
 

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Press Release | 05 Dec.2016

CEPI increases focus on technical measurement in revised Paper for Recycling Quality Control guidelines

CEPI has published an updated version of the ‘Paper for Recycling – Quality control guidelines’ including an annex which outlines in more detail the technical measurements.
The updated version is the result of sustained industry consultation and as a step towards achieving a harmonised approach on quality control and measurement. The additional annex provides more detailed information on:


1. Instrumental analysis via automatic sensor Near Infra-Red (NIR)
2. Instrumental analysis via automatic microwave sensor

The updated guidelines were first launched in April 2016 with the objective to improve the implementation of the revised EN 643 Standard and to facilitate commercial relationships of paper mills with their suppliers of paper for recycling.


“The inclusion of the annex reflects the trend of paper companies increasingly using technical measurement in their quality control. The focus on quality is crucial for the functioning of secondary raw material markets and makes paper recycling a role model for the circular economy.” says Massimo Medugno, Director General of Assocarta, CEPI’s member in Italy.

While CEPI remains actively engaged in the ongoing standardisation process on the sampling of paper for recycling, the present guidelines are much wider in scope.

They put strong emphasis on the inspection procedure for quality control at the paper mill and explain what controllers should consider during an inspection in order to decide if a load should be accepted, conditionally accepted or refused. The control procedure recommended is described in detail and illustrated by a ‘decision tree’ at the end of the document.

CEPI strongly encourages its member companies to apply the new guidelines in the purchasing Paper for Recycling market.
English and French versions of the revised Guidelines can be consulted on our website here.
 

For more information, please contact: Ulrich Leberle, Raw Materials Director at CEPI: u.leberle@cepi.org, +32 2 627 49 23
 

For press related enquiries please contact: Ben Kennard, Press & Digital Media Officer at CEPI: b.kennard@cepi.org , +32 487 39 21 82

Note to the Editor

The European Standard EN 643, European List of Standard Grades of Paper and Board for Recycling, is the basic document to be used by industry professionals in the buying and selling of paper for recycling. Interested parties should order the EN 643 from their respective national standardisation body. The standard was revised in 2014. It defines what the different grades of paper for recycling can and cannot contain as well as defining prohibited materials and unwanted materials. It also sets maximum tolerance levels by grade for unwanted materials.

 

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Publication | 02 Dec.2016

Paper for Recycling Quality Control Guidelines

The European Standard EN 643, European list of standard grades of paper and board for recycling, is the basic document to be used by industry professionals in the buying and selling of paper for recycling. Interested parties should order the EN 643 from their respective national standardisation body. The standard was revised in 2013 and published in February 2014. It defines what the different grades of paper for recycling can and cannot contain as well as defining prohibited materials and unwanted materials. It also sets maximum tolerance levels by grade for unwanted materials.

Specific agreements between buyer and supplier for grades with special specifications might still be necessary to meet individual requirements. However, general recommendations are needed to facilitate a common understanding of the standard.

To achieve greater harmonisation, to improve the implementation of the EN 643 Standard and to facilitate commercial relationships between paper mills and paper for recycling suppliers, these guidelines contain recommendations regarding paper for recycling quality controls for paper for recycling suppliers and paper mills.

The guidelines can be consulted in English here and French here.

News | 07 Nov.2016

IMPACTPapeRec Project Conference and Networking Informative Meeting

IMPACTPapeRec invites you to join the Project Conference and Informative Meeting to be held 24 January in Barcelona, Spain.


Join us to learn more and share your insights on how separate collection of paper for recycling in Europe can be enhanced.


Date and location

The IMPACTPapeRec Project Conference and Networking Informative Meeting will take place 24 January at:
Museo y Centro Estudios del Deporte Doctor Melcior Colet
Carrer de Buenos Aires, 56 (08036 – Barcelona, Spain)

Registration and further info

Registration is free of charge in the framework of the IMPACTPapeRec project supported by the EU. Please click here to fill in the registration form to book a seat in the Project Conference and/or the Networking Informative Meeting. If you need further support or information, please contact the local organizer ITENE by e-mail (registro@itene.com) or phone 0034 96 182 00 00. Full event information including the agenda is available here.

Publication | 26 Oct.2016

ERPC Monitoring Report 2015

Summary:

Since 2000, the European paper value chain has demonstrated its commitment to the two-fold aim of increasing recycling rates and joining efforts to remove obstacles hampering paper recycling in Europe. Consistent with this, in 2011, the signatories of the European Declaration on Paper Recycling declared their commitment to reach 70% paper recycling by 2015.

And we not only achieved but exceeded this target. In 2015, 71.5% of all paper consumed in Europe was recycled, corresponding to 1.2 million tonnes more than the 70% target. Paper consumption has slightly increased compared to 2014, reaching 82.5 million tonnes. Compared to the base year of the Declaration (2010), collection and recycling of paper has increased by 1.4%, corresponding to 0.8 million tonnes of paper.

Considering the Declaration period as a whole, we have seen a considerable increase in the recycling rate in the first half of the period, but the rate has stabilised since then.

We are quite clearly starting to reach maximum potential, since 22% of paper consumption cannot be collected or recycled e.g. wallpaper, hypiene paper.

This situation is linked to changing consumption patterns affecting the most recycled paper products. Newspaper consumption has continued to decline in 2015. Equally, increased consumption of corrugated boxes, the other most recycled paper product, is only partly compensating the effect on the overall recycling rate of declining graphic (printing and writing) paper consumption.

Despite the now limited potential for further improvements in the recycling rate, we are still aiming higher. In fact, as this report is being printed, a new, even more ambitious commitment for 2016-2020 is being prepared. This will keep the industry moving on its path towards ever-higher recycling rates.

In 2015, we can also notice positive achievements at the regional level, despite differences between regions continuing to exist. The number of countries with a recycling rate below 60% has dropped to 10, 2 less than 2010, but one more than 2014. Over the last year, the number of countries exceeding recycling rates of 70% was 15, just like the year before.

On an international level, Europe continues to be the world leader in paper recycling followed by North America. Other world regions’ paper recycling rates are improving, but starting from lower levels. In Europe, paper fibres are reused 3.5 times on average, while the world average is only 2.4. While the EU is discussing ways to move into a circular economy, the paper fibre loop can serve as a model for circularity. Paper recycling is an industry “Made in Europe”. It prolongs value creation and job opportunities in Europe from a renewable, predominantly European resource, wood.

CEPI is a Signatory Member of the ERPC and holds its secretariat.

ERPC website: www.paperforrecycling.eu

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Publication | 26 Oct.2016

Novel bio-based products from side streams of paper and board production

The paper and board production process, especially when carried out with paper for recycling as the raw material, leads to the generation of large amounts of side streams, mainly sludges, rejects and process water. The main two outlets for the European paper and board industry’s (PBI) solid side streams have historically been landfilling and incineration. Both of them entail significant costs for the sector, while landfilling has been recently facing also regulatory limitations in several countries. Reducing these costs, and even turning them into profits, depends on the ability of the sector to utilise the valuable components in the side streams by reusing them internally or converting them to intermediates or products for other parties.

This publication includes the work done in the framework of the EU-funded Reffibre project, as well as the 2011 CEPI Maximum value from paper for recycling: Towards a multi-product paper mill project report. 

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Press Release | 20 Oct.2016

Paper recycling chain exceeds its voluntary commitment

European Paper Recycling at 71.5% in 2015

The paper recycling rate in Europe reached an impressive 71.5% as announced by the European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) in their final monitoring report for 2015. Compared to 2010, collection and recycling has increased by almost one million tonnes of paper. This is due in part to the excellent work of the ERPC.

The 2015 European paper recycling rate of 71.5% is 1.5% higher than the target set by the ERPC in the 3rd European Declaration on Paper Recycling for the period 2010-2015. We are proud to report on the impressive work completed, following the pledge it first made in 2000 to expand paper recycling in Europe.

“The efforts of the ERPC perfectly complement EU policy on Circular Economy. The paper fibre loop can serve as the perfect model for circularity”, says ERPC Chairman Henri Vermeulen. “All 13 ERPC associations are proud to be part of a value chain ‘Made in Europe’, prolonging value creation and job opportunities”, he added.

In addition to the quantitative progress, a lot of qualitative work was done, particularly with initiatives to facilitate the recycling process and increase recycling activity. These notably include collection and applying ecodesign to paper products.

For the commitment period of 2011 to 2015, EY has independently verified the recycling rate calculations. Currently, a new ambitious commitment for 2016-2020 is being prepared. This will keep the industry moving on its path towards ever-higher recycling rates.

For more information, please contact the ERPC Secretariat, Ulrich Leberle, at +32 2 627 49 23, erpc@cepi.org or visit www.paperforrecycling.eu

Notes to Editor:

  • Download link for the 2015 Monitoring Report: http://www.paperforrecycling.eu/uploads/Modules/Publications/MonitoringReport2015final.pdf 
  • The European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC) was a self-initiative set up in November 2000 to monitor progress towards meeting the paper recycling targets set out in the 2000 European Declaration on Paper Recycling. Since then the commitments in the Declaration are renewed every five years. In 2011 the ERPC committed itself to meeting and maintaining both a voluntary recycling rate target of 70% in the EU27 plus Switzerland and Norway by 2015 as well as reaching qualitative targets in areas such as waste prevention, ecodesign, and R&D.
  • As of 2016, ERPC’s signatories are ACE, CEPI, CITPA, EMFA, ERPA, ETS, FEPE, INGEDE, INTERGRAF. The supporters are AFERA, EuPIA, FINAT and RADTECH Europe. The European Commission (DG Environment and DG Grow) are permanent observers to ERPC.

 

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Position paper | 20 May.2016

The paper packaging industry’s on Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste (PPWD) and Directive 2008/98/EC on waste (WFD)

Paper Packaging Coordination Group (PPCG)

Introduction
The Paper Packaging Coordination Group comprises the major European paper and board packaging associations representing the interests of a wide range of packaging products used in transport, retail and consumer packaging. Paper and board packaging is based on a renewable resource (the forest) and is recyclable. We support the concept of a circular economy in which raw materials are sourced from renewable, responsibly-managed resources and recycled after use.


1. Recycling targets for paper and board
Key messages:
• The proposed targets are ambitious, reflect technical and economic realities and can be achieved.
• Packaging recycling targets should be at comparable levels between different consumer packaging materials. High achievement of one packaging material should not compensate for another material’s lower achievement.
• We welcome the proposal that waste exported outside Europe should count towards the target of the Member State where it has been collected on condition that recycling takes place in equivalent environmental conditions.

We welcome the proposed targets for paper and board by the Commission. The paper and board packaging industry in Europe has achieved high recycling rates. In 2014, the average paper and board packaging recycling rate was 81.1% (CEPI). The EUROSTAT figure for 2011 was 79.9%. However, there are also significant differences between Member States, with the recycling rate ranging from 59% to 98% (EUROSTAT). Calculation methods for recycling vary between countries, making it difficult to compare existing data from different countries.


2. Recycling rate calculation
Key messages:
• We support quality recycling.
• We support the harmonised method based on “input to final recycling process”.
• Calculation formulas should be adapted and clarified with regards to “preparation for re-use and recycling” of “products and components” for packaging
We believe the “input” to the final recycling process is the correct basis for calculating the recycling rate and will improve the quality of recycling.

Recommendations:

Final recycling process
• Article 1(2f) of the proposal for amending the WFD with a definition of “final recycling process” should read as follows: “final recycling process” means the recycling process which begins when no further mechanical sorting operation is needed and when waste and waste considered to have ceased to be waste in accordance with Article 6 enter a production process and are effectively reprocessed into products, materials or substances”.
• Article 1(5a) (i) should be consistent with the new definition of final recycling process. Therefore Article 6 (1c) of the WFD should therefore be amended as follows: “the substance or object fulfils the technical requirements for the final recycling process and meets the existing standards and legislation applicable to products.”

Derogation
• The derogation article 11a paragraph 3(a) and (b) of the proposed amendments to the WFD and derogation article 6a paragraph 3 (a) and 3(b) of the proposed amendments to the PPWD should read as follows: “The weight of materials or substances that are not subject to a final recycling process and that are disposed or subject to energy recovery remains below the maximum threshold of impurities acceptable to operators carrying out a final recycling process in order to ensure quality recycling. These thresholds are outlined in Annex VII”. There should be a new annex VII on impurities limits per waste stream, in which the impurities limit for paper (non-paper components and other unwanted materials) should be set at 3% in line with the EN 643.

 

Packaging is different from the other waste streams, which the European Commission already acknowledges by having a dedicated directive for packaging and packaging waste. Packaging which is re-used in a closed loop is not considered as waste and only becomes waste when it leaves the loop. Mixing waste and non-waste (“products and components”) in one calculation formula will jeopardise the potential a harmonised method could have to deliver robust, comparable and accurate reporting. This, combined with an optional reporting on “products and components” will lead to increasing differences in the Member States’ reporting. It may also trigger cases where targets are met by clever calculations without an effective contribution to the circular economy. The resources needed from the European Commission to control the accurate implementation of the formula would be disproportionate to the potential benefits.

Recommendations:
Calculation method and formula
• The formula in Annex IV of the PPWD should be clarified to avoid misinterpretations, under claims or over claims and allow for fair treatment of packaging, considering the intrinsic differences among materials.
• For packaging, the proposed Article 6a), paragraph 1c) should be deleted. Member States should not be optionally allowed to include in the calculation “products and components prepared for re-use”.
• For packaging, “R” should be removed from the formula in Annex IV.
• The denominator “P” should be clearly explained by defining “packaging waste generated”, as, for example, “total packaging placed on the market”.


3. Minimum requirements for Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)
Key messages:
• EPR systems should be transparent.
• The scope of EPR and roles and responsibilities of each actor involved in packaging waste management should be clearly defined.
• A minimum requirement for EPR systems to collect all (packaging) materials should be introduced.
• A reference to EPR systems needs to be made in PPWD (94/62/EC) to ensure the protection of the internal market, and in the WFD (2008/98/EC).

We welcome the Commission’s intention to make EPR systems transparent as well as the inclusion of three important elements in the Commission’s proposal for general requirements for EPR systems: Eco-modulation, optimised cost and secondary raw materials sales revenues. Recyclability is a key criterion in eco-modulation for EPR systems andensures the value from the sales of secondary raw material. As the additional cost for their collection can be covered by these revenues, the contribution of producers should be lower. Within every material category, criteria for eco-modulation should be carefully designed so they do not inhibit innovation, technical progress, the functioning of the internal market and specific requirements regarding the packed products.
The provisions on general requirements for EPR systems should describe the costs to be covered without using non-exhaustive lists.


Recommendations:
• Article 1(8) 4. (a) first paragraph of the proposal for amending the WFD should read as follows: “Cover the following cost of waste management for the products it puts on the Union market:…”
• The packaging sector should be recognised as a stakeholder in the EPR process so that it can share its expertise in managing the different materials


4. Separate collection, Landfill and Incineration of waste

Key messages:
• Recyclable packaging waste should not go to landfill. We support the ban on landfilling separately collected waste.
• Separate collection of all packaging waste should be strengthened and clarified.
• Incineration of recyclables should be restricted.

The requirement for separate collection of recyclable packaging waste is a precondition to avoid landfilling. The proposal aims in the right direction by linking the provisions on landfill restrictions to the separate collection requirement in the WFD and by introducing a methodology to measure the recycling rate at the input to a final recycling process, and by defining this final recycling process.

Despite the existing capacity for reprocessing paper in Europe, up to 10 million tonnes of all paper, including packaging, are currently being landfilled or incinerated in Europe. This situation has to be addressed, otherwise ambitious recycling targets cannot be achieved.

Paper and board should be collected separately from other recyclables such as plastics, metal, glass – or any combination thereof - and residual waste. Separate collection of all packaging and packaging waste is crucial in order to promote a circular economy and guarantee a high quality of secondary raw materials. The WFD formulated a separate collection target in 2008, but this has been interpreted in different ways by Member States. Beverage cartons (consisting predominantly of board) should be collected in the most optimal way for further recycling, which may differ from country to country.

Recommendations:
• Article 11(1) of the WFD should be amended by changing ”for the relevant recycling sectors” to “for the relevant final recycling processes”.
• Article 11(11) of the WFD should be amended to clarify that paper shall be collected separately from metal, plastic and glass.


5. Unlock the potential of Renewable, Bio-Based Materials
Key message:
• EU circular economy policies and measures should promote and encourage the use of bio-based materials as an essential solution to achieve a real circular economy.

The increased use of packaging made from bio-based materials fosters the establishment of a truly circular economy by taking into account an efficient use of renewable resources (biomass), integrated production and efficient use of bio-based feedstock in integrated bio-refineries. A true circular economy needs to be built on renewable carbon.
This logic should be extended to the legislative proposals under the circular economy package, in particular for sectors where solutions are already available, e.g. packaging. Therefore, the signatories request the recognition and encouragement of the use of materials from renewable sources in the PPWD.
Furthermore, using renewable, bio-based materials decreases Europe’s dependence on the import of raw materials and supports green development within the EU, leading to green growth and jobs.
 

Recommendations:
• Amend the PPWD with the explicit requirement for Member States to encourage the use of bio-based materials for the manufacturing of packaging, where appropriate.
• Introduce a clear definition of what is meant by ‘bio-based’ to ensure coherent interpretation and a level-playing field for producers. The signatories recommend using existing definitions of the CEN Technical Committee TC 411 on bio-based products which define ‘bio-based’ as “derived from biomass” and ‘biomass’ as “material of biological origin excluding material embedded in geological formations and/or fossilised”.


6. Food waste
Key messages:
• We support the efforts of the Commission to reduce the generation of food waste.
• Cooperation among all stakeholders in the food supply chain and the Commission is needed.
Packaging prevents food loss and food waste in a sustainable way. UN studies support the fact that a substantial reduction of food losses can be achieved by providing and using the right packaging solution.

Recommendations:
• The methodologies (paragraph 4) developed by the Commission should consider the positive role of packaging in the prevention of food waste.
• The packaging sector should be among the stakeholders consulted on the subject.

Currently, the following organisations participate in the PPCG:

CEPI, Confederation of European Paper Industries
CITPA, International Confederation of Paper & Board Converters
ACE, The Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment
ECMA, European Carton Makers Association
EMBALPACK, European Association of Makers of Packaging Papers
EMFA, European Moulded Fibre Association
CEPI EUROKRAFT, European Producers of Sack Kraft Paper and Kraft Paper
CEPI CONTAINERBOARD, European Producers of corrugated case materials
EUROSAC, European Federation of Multiwall Paper Sack Manufacturers
FEFCO, European Federation of Corrugated Board Manufacturers
PRO CARTON, European Association of Carton and Cartonboard Manufacturers

 The position paper can be downloaded here.

Publication | 04 Apr.2016

Paper for Recycling Quality Control guidelines

The European Standard EN 643, European list of standard grades of paper and board for recycling, is the basic document to be used by industry professionals in the buying and selling of paper for recycling. Interested parties should order the EN 643 from their respective national standardisation body . The standard was revised in 2013. It defines what the different grades of paper for recycling can and cannot contain as well as defining prohibited materials and unwanted materials. It also sets maximum tolerance levels by grade for unwanted materials.

Specific agreements between buyer and supplier for grades with special specifications might still be necessary to meet individual requirements. However, general recommendations are needed to facilitate a common understanding of the standard.

To achieve greater harmonisation, to improve the implementation of the EN 643 Standard and to facilitate commercial relationships between paper mills and paper for recycling suppliers, these guidelines contain recommendations regarding paper for recycling quality controls for paper for recycling suppliers and paper mills.

The publication is now available in French
 

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Press Release | 04 Apr.2016

European paper industry launches revised Paper for Recycling Quality Control guidelines

The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) has revised its guidelines on Paper for Recycling quality control, with recommendations for Paper for Recycling suppliers and paper mills. The objective of the guidelines publication is to achieve greater harmonisation, to improve the implementation of the EN 643 Standard and to facilitate commercial relationships between paper mills and paper for recycling suppliers.

The revised guidelines put a strong emphasis on the inspection procedure for quality control at the paper mill and explain what controllers should consider during an inspection in order to decide if a load should be accepted, conditionally accepted or refused. After a general control, further important parameters for quality control are named, i.e. bale conditions, moisture control and control of unwanted materials. The control procedure recommended is described in detail and illustrated by a decision tree at the end of the document.

The guidelines give furthermore recommendations on the level of information for suppliers, documentation and staff education.

CEPI will organise a free webinar in the weeks to come, to present the revised guidelines and to answer any questions that may arise.

You can download the publication at: http://bit.ly/1ouOkFm

For more information, please contact: Ulrich Leberle, Raw Materials Director at CEPI: u.leberle@cepi.org, +32 2 627 49 23.
 

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Publication | 02 Mar.2016

Design and Management for Circularity – the Case of Paper

The European paper industry was invited to collaborate with the World Economic Forum (the Forum), the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment on Circular Economy to produce a white paper with guidelines on design and management for circularity. The new publication provides essential guidance to all actors in the supply chain through simple ecodesign rules for paper products, without limiting innovation and the introduction of new techniques. This is a product of the three pilots under Project MainStream, launched during the 2014 summit in Davos.

Although highly recyclable, paper is usually converted by industries that add chemicals to it through printing inks and other auxiliary materials. This can lead to problems in subsequent circular chains, as these chemicals cannot easily be removed from the paper before re-entering the mill. Furthermore, the already highly-optimised recycling process cannot follow the speed of the evolution of inks and toners.

The publication summarises the key choices to be made by direct (printers, papermakers, collectors) and indirect (such as local authorities, ink producers, equipment manufacturers) stakeholders. More specifically, it identifies the choices that can influence businesses ordering a fibre-based product - printed paper, packaging or other.

Read the press release on the topic.

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